Views: 40 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-05-18 Origin: Site
What is lysozyme
Lysozyme is a naturally occurring enzyme substance in organisms, whose main function is to destroy bacterial cell walls during the immune process, thereby releasing infectious substances and toxins, causing them to lose their activity. Lysozymes can specifically recognize and decompose the wall materials of various bacterial cells, and are widely used in various fields such as healthcare and food processing due to their strong ability to clear bacteria.
Mechanism of action
Lysozymes mainly kill bacteria by breaking down their cell walls, which is a very effective acceleration process. The cell wall of bacteria is composed of a variety of different types of complex glycoproteins, the most important of which is peptidoglycan. Lysozyme is also mainly used to decompose peptidoglycan, which makes the bacteria lose the core material that forms the cell wall and cannot maintain life vitality.
The mechanism of action of lysozyme is to decompose the glucan that acts on the bacterial cell wall into glycoplaques and acid tablets. With the movement of molecules, the cell wall begins to break and break, leading to the release of substances inside the cell into the environment, causing the morphology of bacteria to gradually lose stability and ultimately die.
Lysozymes used in medicine are extracted or artificially synthesized from some microorganisms, animals and plants.
In the field of medicine, lysozyme can serve as an adjuvant therapy for antibiotics, accelerating the clearance of bacteria inside cells and enhancing human immunity;
In food processing, it can be used as a natural preservative to extend the storage time of food.
In addition, lysozyme can also kill some viruses because these viruses themselves do not have cell walls, but they, like bacteria, require negative ions to maintain stability. When lysozyme acts on the capsid of a virus, it can disrupt its stable structure, causing the virus to lose its activity, thereby achieving the effect of inhibiting and killing the virus.
In short, lysozyme, a naturally occurring enzyme substance, is widely used in fields such as medicine and food processing. It is easy to use, has significant effects, is safe and non-toxic, and is an excellent biological fungicide with broad application prospects.